Sunday, June 16, 2024

Oceans of hot water deep in space

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Oceans of hot water deep in space | Astronomers claim to have discovered a distant exoplanet outside the solar system that may have deep oceans. Scientists have been trying to find a habitable place outside the earth for a long time.

Astronomers claim to have discovered a distant exoplanet outside the solar system that may have deep oceans. Scientists have been trying to find a habitable place outside the earth for a long time.

A group of UK researchers believe that the discovery of this ocean-covered exoplanet will further their efforts. They made this observation using NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope. They claimed to see chemical samples of water vapor, methane and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of the exoplanet outside our solar system. The name of this exoplanet is TOI-270D.
Astronomers say the planet is twice the radius of Earth and is 70 light-years away from Earth.

Researchers from the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom said that the mixture of chemicals they observed is consistent with a world of water. There is a hydrogen-rich atmosphere and a planet-wide ocean.

Professor Nikku Madhusudan, who led the data analysis of the James Webb Telescope, said, ‘The ocean water on that planet could be 100 degrees Celsius or even warmer. As the atmospheric pressure is very high, this ocean can exist in a liquid state. But he could not say clearly whether the planet is habitable or not.
Astronomers support the explanation in a paper published in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics Letters. However, a group of Canadian scientists disagreed with them after observing this exoplanet further. They also suggested that the exoplanet’s atmosphere contains the same chemical. But they argue that the exoplanet is too hot for liquid water. Their reasoning is that the surface may be rocky. Its atmosphere may contain dense hydrogen and water vapor.

But regardless of which astronomers’ opinion prevails, the James Webb Telescope’s stunning insights are emerging from recent observations. The telescope captures starlight filtered through the planet’s atmosphere and provides detailed information about its chemical composition.

The James Webb Telescope was launched into space in December 2021. It is located 1 million miles from Earth. On July 11, 2022, US President Joe Biden released the first full-color image captured by the James Webb Telescope. It is claimed to be the clearest picture of the universe in 1,300 billion years.

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